Inorganic Chemistry Seminar: Professor Hema Karunadasa, Stanford University (Host: Ed Solomon)
About the Talk
"Between the sheets: The molecular chemistry of hybrid perovskites"
The tools of synthetic chemistry allow us to tune molecules with a level of precision not yet accessible with inorganic solids. We have investigated hybrid perovskites that couple organic small molecules with the optical and electronic diversity of extended inorganic solids. I will share our current understanding of these materials, whose technologically relevant properties are highly amenable to synthetic design.
The 3D lead-iodide perovskites have recently been identified as low-cost absorbers for high-efficiency solar cells. Although the efficiencies of devices with perovskite absorbers have risen at an impressive rate, the materials’ intrinsic instability and toxicity may impede their commercialization. I will discuss methods developed by my group to address these problems. The 2D hybrid perovskites have dramatically different properties from their 3D congeners. We discovered that some 2D perovskites emit broadband white light (similar to sunlight) when excited by UV light. I will discuss how these materials, which do not contain extrinsic dopants or obvious emissive sites, could emit every color of visible light. Although the organic molecules in hybrid perovskites have mostly played a templating role, we have investigated their role in engendering reactivity. I will describe reactions that occur between the inorganic sheets, which allow these nonporous solids to capture small molecules.
About the Speaker
Hema Karunadasa studied solid-state chemistry with Bob Cava at Princeton University and molecular catalysis with Jeff Long and Chris Chang at UC Berkeley and with Harry Gray at the California Institute of Technology. She joined Stanford Chemistry as an assistant professor in 2012. Her group synthesizes hybrid materials that harness the advantages of extended solids and discrete molecules.